Three main things include Diabetes Mellitus Treatment. A treatment plan of insulin, diet and exercise is vitally important to your dog’s health.
Insulin must be given to your dog by injection because it is a protein and it would become ineffective if given in tablet form. Insulin is given subcutaneous. The injections are not painful for your dog, because the needles are so small. If you are calm about the whole procedure, your dog will probably hardly even notice and will very quickly become used to the routine.
The type of insulin that a dog needs and the maintenance dose will depend on the dog’s size and the stage of his disease. There is no set dosage for any dog. Some dogs will need two shots per day and others only one.
The time required to stabilize your dog will vary from 1-6 months. During this time your vet will monitor your dog and adjust the dosage for his individual body response to therapy.
Diet should be consistent on a day-to-day basis and you should feed your dog at the same times every day.
Your dog should receive regular and consistent exercise on a daily basis. Exercise helps the dog’s body to utilize insulin more effectively, helps your dog to loose excess weight and helps your dog to burn excess sugar from the food that is eaten. Exercise is a vitally important part of the diabetes management plan, and to skip this step is giving your dog only a portion of the treatment that it needs.
All members of the family should receive some training on diabetes and how to respond in an emergency, but the main day-to-day treatment and injections should be left to one individual so that multiple injections of insulin are not accidentally given to the dog.
It is also important that meal times, exercise and insulin injections be carried out at the same time every day.