Coccidiosis is disease produce by a microscopic parasite named Isospora spp. that reside in the intestines of dogs and cats; however rodents are also carriers of these parasites. Young pets are more susceptible to being infected with Isospora parasites. Coccidiosis is reported as a self limiting disease (can cure without treatment), but in young puppies with a weaker immune system it may be fatal. The intense diarrhea may also conduct to severe dehydration.
The symptoms of the condition include vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain and lack of appetite. The parasite also causes weight loss and dehydration. It may also be possible to see blood in the stool and even discharges of mucus.
The diagnosis will be established based on a stool sample by the observance of the parasite.
Coccidiosis is a very contagious disease. If you have a positive diagnose dog and you have more dogs at home, separate them. If they have been in contact you should give the preventive medication to all.
If your puppy has been suffering from diarrhea, dehydration must be treated with intravenous fluids.
The coccidian parasites infection may be prevented through maintaining a clean household. Make sure to clean any traces of fecal matter your dog might leave behind.