Canine antibiotics are widely used for many conditions involving bacteria. The skin is direct contact with the environment, full of microorganism and when the skin is affected, it is common to find infections. The majority of skin infections in dogs are caused by staphylococci bacteria, but many others may be involved too. In some cases this bacteria are resistant to antibiotics and more tests will be necessary to apply the correct treatment.
The following list of antibiotics are commonly used in the treatment of skin infections, based upon several factors including good skin penetration, bacterial activity in pus and tissues, effectiveness against the most common bacteria insolated in skin infections and the severity of the infection.
- Penicillinsare a broad spectrum antibiotic class. The most common antibiotic used in this group is Amoxi Tablets. It can be presented combined with clavulanic acid (Clavamox Tablets and Clavamox Drops) to reinforce the potency.
- Cephalosporins are a broad spectrum antibiotic, making them effective against a broad range of bacteria. Cephalexin, and Simplicef are the most used canine antibiotics included in this class of drugs.
- Macrolides are a narrow spectrum antibiotic and are most effective against gram positive bacteria. This class of antibiotics includes, clindamycin tablest and Tylan Powder.
- Fluoroquinolones are broad spectrum antibiotics with excellent tissue penetration. Enrofloxacin (Baytril), and orbifloxacin (Orbax) are all included in this class of drugs.
These drugs may come in oral presentation or injectable. The second has better distribution on tissues but requires ability to administer them at home. They all require prescriptions. Consult your vet of pharmacist if you have any doubts.